Which Toes Does Hammertoe Affect?
The foot condition known as hammertoe is unsightly and it’s considered to be a deformity. Hammertoe affects the middle joints in the second, third, or fourth toes and can cause the toes to bend downward, resembling a hammer. It happens as a result of a muscle imbalance which may occur due to genetic reasons or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. The toes look crooked and may be reversed in mild cases. When the toe remains flexible, it may be straightened by pressing on the affected joint. In severe cases, the toes become rigid, and surgery is often necessary for permanent straightening. Some patients develop a hammertoe from stubbing their toe and this can push the tissues at the joint out of alignment. If you have developed a hammertoe, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis as well as treatment options that are best for you.
Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Foot & Ankle Specialists of Nevada. Our Doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option