What Is a High Ankle Sprain?
Although ankle sprains are a common type of sports-related injury, “high” ankle sprains are less likely to occur than common ankle sprains lower in the ankle. A high ankle sprain occurs when ligaments above the ankle joint, which hold the tibia and fibula bones together, become injured. Unlike common ankle sprains where the ankle typically rolls inward, high ankle sprains usually involve a forceful rolling out of the ankle, which may happen during certain contact sports. This can cause the ligaments to become damaged and fail in their duty to keep the tibia and fibula from spreading too far apart. While common ankle sprains usually present pain lower in the ankle, high ankle sprains can cause radiating pain from the front of the ankle upward. There may also be bruising and difficulty in bearing weight. To diagnose a high ankle sprain, a podiatrist will conduct an examination, which may include doing a fibular compression test, where the tibia and fibula are squeezed together at various points on the leg to check for radiating pain. X-rays may also be needed to distinguish a high ankle sprain from a fractured bone or other condition. If you believe you may have suffered a high ankle sprain, make an appointment with a podiatrist right away to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Foot & Ankle Specialists of Nevada. Our Doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.