Bunions May Be a Bone Deformity
The noticeable symptom of a bunion is a large and hardened bump that forms at the base of the big toe, and many patients consider this to be a bone disorder, which may gradually worsen. The bones in the feet and toes may become affected as a result of this deformity, and it may cause the feet to line up incorrectly. This bump that typically develops on the side of the big toe may push that toe into the toe next to it, which may cause difficulty in wearing shoes and walking. Some patients may feel partial relief when larger size shoes are worn, and this may aid in relieving any pressure that is felt on the toe. Research has shown there may be medical conditions that may precede the formation of a bunion, which may include rheumatoid arthritis, or inherited genes that may lead to low arches. Additional reasons why bunions may form may originate from frequently wearing high heels, which may provide inadequate room for the toes to move freely in. If you are afflicted with a bunion, it is recommended to speak with a podiatrist who can properly guide you to begin correct treatment techniques.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts